The dog in the house is, unfortunately, not only joy. Like people, our pets are sometimes sick. According to the law of meanness, such situations happen at the most unfortunate time – at night, at the cottage, when the_doc_on vacation, etc. In this case, in each house, there should be a first-aid kit for a dog, the contents of which will be discussed in this article.
No. 1. Antiseptic.
For superficial skin lesions, a solution of betadine 10% is best suited, for mucous membranes – chlorhexidine 0.05% or miramistin 0.01%. By the way, with Myron Stine, we must wash our male after mating.
Remember that if the wound is contaminated, first rinse it thoroughly. A sterile 0.9% sodium chloride solution, colloquially called saline, is suitable for this. The latter is better to buy not in ampoules, but in bottles – for obvious reasons.
No. 2. Wound healing.
Of the drugs that accelerate wound healing, you can recommend Bepanten Plus (Depantol), D-Panthenol, Ebermin, and others, similar to them, in a medicine cabinet for dogs.
No. 3. Antibiotic ointment.
Since the invention of the ointment, Levomekol, the pharmaceutical industry, of course, did not stand still, but it is better to think of something better than it. For gourmets – less budget baneocin or similar drugs.
Number 4. Vomiting agent.
If acute poisoning with drugs, pesticides, etc. is suspected, this group of drugs is used in the first place. The most effective time for their use is the first three hours after the poison enters. The most effective and affordable drug, in this case, is hydrogen peroxide 3% at a dosage of 1 ml per kg of animal body weight.
3% peroxide should be diluted in water in a ratio of 1 to 3 (1 part 3% peroxide, 3 parts water).
In some cases, the administration of emetics is contraindicated:
- the dog swallowed a substance or object that could damage the walls of the gastrointestinal tract (sharp foreign objects, acids, alkalis, etc.),
- the dog is unconscious or inhibited, if the swallowing reflex is weakened, it may get into drug and vomit into the lungs
- as a symptom of poisoning in observed convulsions or there is a possibility of their occurrence,
- the dog is observed bleeding from the lungs or digestive tr KTA.
No. 5. Sorbent.
The most effective sorbent for most poisonings is activated carbon. Since its minimum dosage is 1 gram (4 tablets of 250 mg) per kg of animal weight, it is better to stock up with powder for preparing a suspension for a medium or large dog. You can also use enterosgel, polysorbate, etc.
No. 6. Antispasmodic.
As the name of the pharmacological group shows, it is used in the presence of cramps – urinary tract, intestines (irritable bowel syndrome, spastic constipation), etc. In such situations, no-shpa or papaverine hydrochloride is usually used.
Number 7. Laxative.
In the event of short constipation, lactusan (duphalac) or liquid paraffin usually works well. To quickly empty the intestines with prolonged coprostasis, microclusters of microlax, working on the principle of inserted, pressed, moved away, can be recommended.
Number 8. Antidiarrheal agent.
In order to make life easier for the dog, you can give it a smectum (neosmectin).
If an infectious gastrointestinal disease is suspected, preparations whose active ingredient is loperamide (Imodium, diar, enterobene, etc.) are categorically not recommended.
No. 9. Antibiotic-containing eye drops.
From a simple, but effective and at the same time budget: tobrex, phloxal (influx) or ciprolet (cypromed).
No. 10. Broad-spectrum antibiotic.
It is necessary when you leave the city for a long time and to the nearest veterinarian – seven miles on deer. Ask your doctor what antibiotic and in which cases he prefers. Of drugs with a wide spectrum of action, i.e. effective in many bacterial pathologies, you can recommend a veterinary sinulox or medical amoxiclav in tablets, or cefotaxime for injection.
No. 11. Antipyretic, it’s also analgesic.
It is advisable to use veterinary drugs, and, of the latest generation: previcox, minoxidil, trocoxyl (prolonged). For lack of such – nor carp, Rimadyl, etc. If there is no veterinary pharmacy nearby or it is present, but the choice of drugs is not rich in it, it is allowed to use medical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – again of the latest generation (meloxicam, movalis, etc. ) Well, and if civilization is in trouble, the old method remains called “lytic mixture” – analgin + diphenhydramine + no-shpa. It will not anesthetize, but it will bring down the temperature.
No. 12. Glucocorticoids.
In your case, you need to stop an allergic reaction of an immediate-type (Quincke’s edema, anaphylactic shock), caused, for example, by snakebite or someone else who is just as harmful. That is, in a situation where the bill goes for minutes, and to the nearest clinic – far away. In other conditions requiring the use of drugs in this group, a visit to the doctor is required. For lack of prescription adrenaline, which is the means of choice for emergency treatment of the above allergic reactions, you will have to use prednisone, hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, or dexamethasone.
No. 13. Antihistamine.
They are prescribed for allergic reactions of a delayed-type (itching from a mosquito bite, for example). They act very individually, often do not act at all. But, if they help your animal, then take care of their presence in the medicine cabinet. Typically, in such situations, prescribe clemastine (tavegil), cetirizine (Zyrtec, zodak), fexofenadine (telfast, telfadine) or diphenhydramine (diphenhydramine).
No. 14. Antacid.
It is needed to quickly neutralize the excess secretion of hydrochloric acid of gastric juice in gastritis, gastric ulcers, etc., as well as an enveloping agent for gastrointestinal disorders. Of the drugs in this group, phosphalugel, Maalox or alma gel are most often recommended.
No. 15. Treatment for otitis media.
Amateur initiative in this matter is permissible only in the case of acute external otitis media in a standard situation, it is not possible to get to the clinic. In other cases, drops in painful ears will be prescribed by a dermatologist. However, if your pet suddenly shook his head, cannot sleep/eat because of pain, and the auricle is bright red, you can instill Surolan (Aurizon, Aurican, Mometamax, etc.). You can buy them at veterinary pharmacies.
Also in your first-aid kit should be:
- a thermometer
- a tourniquet
- bandages (narrow, wide)
- pads (optional: cotton wool, cotton balls, etc.) – gauze napkins
- patch (narrow, wide)
- hemostatic sponge
- syringes (126.96.36.199 ml, insulin).
- ear cleansing lotion (otifri, Epi-otic, Espree Ear Care, Hartz Ear Cleaner, Excel Ear Clear, etc.),
- eyewash lotion (Ofto-Lavas, Espree Advanced Care, Dewdrop, Diamond eyes and other)
- toothpaste (Hartz Denta Shield, Gimdog Dental Care, Virbac CET Tartar Control, Orozyme gel, etc.).
The above funds are used exclusively for the prevention of diseases, and not for their diseases, treatment.
From these drugs, in the medicine cabinet, it is necessary to have an anthelmintic (from worms) and an insecticide (from fleas). Since the scale of the tragedy is not so large, saving on these funds is not recommended. Cheap generics often contain unknown auxiliary components that provoke side effects, but sometimes they do not contain what is needed – active substances in effective dosage. Of the anthelmintics, the most preferred are the products of the latest generation – from the group of macrocyclic lactones (profender, lawyer, mile max, etc.). From fleas, the animal can be treated with a stronghold. This drug will also protect your dog from scabies mites.
And finally, a few rules:
- You have a veterinarian and it is he who decides how to treat your dog. Self-activity is permissible exclusively in emergency situations that threaten life. Everything else requires agreement with a veterinarian.
- Before you put any medicine into the animal, think whether it needs it. If in doubt, see paragraph 1.
- If you are not sure about the dosage – see item 1.
- Track expiration dates of drugs. In the best case, an expired drug will be useless; in the worst, it is quite capable of harming it. I remind you that for open eye drops, the expiration date is no more than a month. The same rule works with drops in the ears.
- If your dog has a chronic disease or is on a course of treatment, before leaving there wherever there is no pharmacy, take pre-consultation with your doctor about what might be needed and buy the necessary amount of medicine in the dog’s first aid kit.