The main factor in weight gain, in addition to the characteristic of urban animals inactivity, is nutrition. For dogs sitting on dry food, one must carefully select its composition. Many owners make the mistake of focusing on the dosages given on the package of ready-made dog food. This is not true, only approximate theoretical norms are given there, it is necessary to focus solely on the condition of the animal, the loads received, risk factors in terms of obesity, such as castration, adulthood, as well as living conditions (apartment, aviary) and time of year.
The composition itself is no less important, the more cereals and ballast fillers in the feed, such as corn gluten, yeast, beet pulp, wheat, yeast, the faster the weight will be gained. It is also important to control the ratio of protein, fat, and carbohydrates in the feed. If you want your dog to lose weight, choose lightweight food, with one type of high-quality protein – lamb, deer, duck, salmon, a minimum of cereals and enough vegetables in the composition. A good example is Barkin Heads “Losing Fat”, GOU “Lamb with Brown Rice”, etc. Do not take diets, but make sure that the protein, and most importantly the fat, does not exceed the ratio: 22-24 / 12-13%.
For medium-large breeds, it is sometimes better to replace several feedings per week with raw meat, cottage cheese, sea fish or kefir. Daily in small quantities give vegetables, unsweetened fruits, and greens.
On a natural basis, you should abandon cereals, increase the proportion of fresh vegetables, especially those that contribute to the normalization of the intestines and fat burning – white cabbage, beets, squash, pumpkin.
Reduce your usual daily diet, but not right away, but by 1/4. Feed your dog as fractionally as a puppy, breaking up the usual daily portion into 3-4 feedings. Make sure that a dog who is overweight receives no more than 30 calories per day per 1 kg of weight!
Completely remove from the diet foods rich in simple carbohydrates bread, cereals, pasta. Under normal tolerance, replace one of the 3 feedings with low-fat kefir. Enter one fasting day per week when the dog will receive nothing but kefir and a small green apple or fruit salad. Reduce the fat content in the diet, choose leaner meat, low-fat sea fish, refuse fat trimmings, beef cheeks, udders, and chicken hearts. More often, give a black unpeeled scar, flank, choose cottage cheese no higher than 3.5%, and take kefir 1-2.5%, do not give completely nonfat products.
Regulate the portion of food, depending on the load on this day and time of year. Reduce the portion in the heat, add in the winter, feed the working and aviary dog more satisfyingly than the couch potato. Enter more raw meat, not fatty varieties of sea fish, low-fat cottage cheese and kefir, vegetables. Add to your diet flaxseed oil – not more than 1 teaspoon, herbs, for example, young leaves of nettle and dandelion, sea kale. Bran is also required as a source of coarse dietary fiber.
Remove foods such as cheese, udders, cheeks, redfish (temporarily), butter, milk, bananas, cream, all kinds of bakery products, potatoes, legumes, human baby food and canned foods from your diet, temporarily refuse to take vitamins. Regardless of the type of food, the diet should not have food from the table, purchased treats, soups, no fried food!
To regulate metabolic processes in the body, you can add L-carnitine to the diet, and in the morning feed – a probiotic, the same “Narine” or “Lactobifadol”. It is very useful to give fresh curd whey.
A great way to temporarily transfer all food to the street and feed only for work and good behavior. Do not be afraid of the danger of inversion, as you will feed food in small portions, but do not forget about the break and always carry water with you.
Naturally, you should not run cross after this!